The Intragastric Balloon is an alternative non-surgical, non-pharmacological system for treating obesity. Intragastric Balloon System is designed to produce a temporary weight loss in obese patients, by partially filling the stomach and helping them to experience a sensation of fullness.
The Intragastric Balloon is a soft silicone balloon which is inserted endoscopically (through the mouth) into the stomach, with no surgery required. The balloon is then filled with saline solution and methylene blue according to the patient’s capacity, using a total volume of 400 to 700 cc, which produces a sensation of satiety or lack of hunger. This balloon is made of high quality silicone, which is durable and resistant to stomach acid. The procedure normally takes some 15 minutes, does not require general anesthesia and is ambulatory (it does not require hospitalization).
The Intragastric Balloon System is designed to be used in conjunction with a supervised long-term diet and as part of a behavior modification program, to help the patient sustain the weight loss once the ball is removed. After six months the balloon can be deflated and removed endoscopically without difficulty. The Intragastric Balloon System is an outpatient procedure that takes approximately 15 minutes, and is similar to that of the balloon insertion.
The Intragastric Balloon System is for:
1. Patients that present mild overweight or obesity, with a Body Mass Index between 27 and 34.9
2. Patients with severe cases of obesity that need lose weight to achieve appropriate clinical conditions before undergoing a bariatric surgery
Diet after placement
The first few days will be uncomfortable as the balloon gets used to the presence of the balloon. You may experience nausea, vomiting, bloating, cramping until your body adjusts. These conditions are normal and should be expected.
The first 3 to 4 days you will be restricted to liquid diet:
You should avoid
Drink liquids in small amounts, beginning with tea spoon and slowly increase the amount of liquid as you are able.
Transitioning to solid food after few days: have to be done slowly
After the first 2 weeks you will eat normal foods with calorie restrictions
Frequently asked questions
Q: How much weight will I lose?
A: You can experience significant weight loss averaging between 15-20 kilos; however your results will depend on how well you follow the program and adjust your eating habits.
Q: Are there side-effects or complications with the BIB?
A: The first three days will be very difficult. Cramping, nausea and vomiting are normal and should be expected. It is very important that you follow your doctor’s instructions and drink plenty of fluids. Medication may be available to help ease the discomfort.
Q: Does the BIB limit activity?
A: The first week you should not plan any heavy activity. Once your body has adjusted to the BIB, you can continue your normal activities. Starting a regular exercise program is highly recommended and will improve your success.
Q: What happens If the BIB leaks?
A: If the BIB leaks, you will notice a change in your urine color (it will be greenish). Although very uncommon, this can be a serious situation. If you notice a change in urine color, you must call your doctor immediately. If the BIB deflates, it will likely pass through your body naturally, but in some cases it may need to be removed by your doctor.
Q: Can l I drink alcohol?
A: Alcohol in moderation is line.
Q: Must I participate in the follow-up visits to be successful?
A: The BIB is not a magic pill, but a tool to change your lifestyle. Taking part in the program will give you the education and support to change your lifestyle habits and have a better chance for long-term success.